Minimizing taxes in retirement is just as important as it is during your working life – but since the source of your income has changed, you need to deploy different strategies. We’ll take a look at what assets are taxed and how a thoughtful plan that incorporates timing your withdrawals and paying attention to how you rebalance your portfolio can reduce them.
Pre-retirement Planning for Taxes on Social Security
Up to 85% of your social security income may be subject to taxes if your provisional income exceeds either $34,000 for a single filer or $44,000 for a couple. Provisional income is calculated by adding your adjusted gross income, nontaxable interest, and half of your social security benefits. By decreasing adjusted gross income, you can potentially lower provisional income enough to reduce your tax liability.
Thinking about the order in which you take distributions when taking retirement income can both increase income and reduce tax liability. Waiting until age 70 to claim social security will increase your benefit to the maximum amount, which will allow you take less from 401(k) or IRA accounts. In addition, if you still want to retire earlier, funding the years between retirement and accessing social security benefits with 401(k) or IRA withdrawals will reduce the value of those plans, so that once the required minimum distribution (RMD) kicks in at age 72, you’ll be taking the RMD from a smaller base, which will reduce income.
Another strategy is to convert 401(k) or IRA plans to a Roth, which allows for tax-free distributions. Both of these strategies require some advance planning – you want to start thinking about the income tax picture along with your pre-retirement planning so you can factor it in to your decision-making process.
If You’re Already Retired
There are still steps you can take to reduce your taxes. Tax-loss harvesting, in which you take distributions by liquidating some positions that have generated losses can create a tax offset to any capital gains you may have generated.
The Bottom Line
Setting up a solid plan for your retirement isn’t just about figuring out how much income you’ll need and what investments will create it for you. It’s also important to think through what your sources of income are, and in what order you’ll take distributions from to make sure that you are maximizing income and minimizing income tax.
The information contained herein is intended to be used for educational purposes only and is not exhaustive. Diversification and/or any strategy that may be discussed does not guarantee against investment losses but are intended to help manage risk and return. If applicable, historical discussions and/or opinions are not predictive of future events. The content is presented in good faith and has been drawn from sources believed to be reliable. The content is not intended to be legal, tax or financial advice. Please consult a legal, tax or financial professional for information specific to your individual situation.
Paul Tarins is an investment adviser representative of and offers investment and advisory services through Portfolio Medics, a registered investment adviser. Nothing contained herein should be construed as a solicitation for investment advisory services. Sovereign Retirement Solutions and Portfolio Medics are not affiliated.